Atlantic invertebrates are going the wrong way

Rutgers Faculty Heidi L. Fuchs (Department of Marine and Coastal Sciences), Robert J. Chant (Department of Marine and Coastal Sciences) , and Enrique N. Curchitser (Department of Environmental Sciences) along with researchers Elias Hunter (Department of Marine and Coastal Sciences - Rutgers), Emily Chen (Department of Marine and Coastal Sciences...

How Stable is Deep Ocean Circulation in Warmer Climate?

While instabilities of the Atlantic meridional ocean circulation (AMOC) are known to occur during cold glacial periods, warm interglacials such as the last 10,000 years were considered to be more stable. However, a new study now shows that short-term disruptions of deep ocean circulation also occurred during the warm interglacial...

The simple protein that started all life

By Natalie Parletta Scientists believe they have discovered a simple protein that started all life 3.5 to 2.5 billion years ago, publishing their findings in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “We think we have found the building blocks of life – the Lego set that led,...

Melting Glaciers in Alaska

Rebecca Jackson has been working at LeConte Glacier in Alaska to investigate the submarine melting of glaciers. Ocean warming has been linked to widespread retreat of marine-terminating glaciers, with submarine melting as the presumed trigger for glacier changes. However, submarine melting of glaciers is rarely measured and we have limited...

Ecology and Conservation of Sharks

(above) A tagged male pelagic thresher shark returns to a seamount in the Philippines to be cleaned of parasites. Two cleaner fish (wrasse) can be seen grooming the shark’s flank and cloaca. The acoustic transmitter tag is visible trailing from the dorsal fin, where it was inserted by a diver...

Horseshoe Crabs on Oyster Farms

We know that fences around farms and homes can change how wildlife species move across a landscape, but what happens if the farms are under water? In 2018, the Munroe Lab began experiments and surveys to look at this question on oyster farms in the lower Delaware Bay. The wildlife...

Ghost Forests

The earth is getting warmer, sea levels are rising, and this is reflected in the occurrence of “ghost forests” in the Mullica Valley in southern New Jersey. The increase is obvious in most of our lifetimes and especially since Superstorm Sandy, when salty water was pushed far upstream. One result...

Life at the Extremes – Microbiology of deep-sea volcanoes

Of all environments on Earth at which life flourishes, deep-sea volcanoes are probably the most extreme. Temperatures within many of these systems range from 2-400°C, pressures are in excess of several hundred atmospheres, and concentrations of hydrogen sulfide and many heavy metals (e.g., Cu, Zn, Fe, Cd, Pb) frequently exceed...

A white polka dot coral reef

The last two summers in Hawaii were hot, hot, hot. Our temperature loggers in the water reached temperatures of over 32˚C (over 90˚F!) on the reef crest. Many of the corals we study were clearly stressed and bleached - they lost their algal symbionts which usually give them a golden...

Stratified coastal ocean interactions with tropical cyclones

This week, a paper by members of Rutgers University Center for Ocean Observing Leadership was released in Nature covering how the coastal ocean can dictate the intensity of tropical cyclones. The cooling of coastal surface waters ahead of hurricanes has the capacity to reduce their intensity, according to a study...