Cap de Formentor, Mallorca


John Wilkin
Professor, Marine and Coastal Sciences

Ph.D. 1988 MIT/WHOI Joint Program in Oceanographic Engineering

M.S. 1984 MIT Dept. Civil Engineeering

B.E. (Hons) 1982 Auckland University, New Zealand, Engineering Science

Department of Marine and Coastal Sciences
Rutgers University
71 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA

Phone: 848-932-3366

Office: Room 214C
Marine and Coastal Sciences Building
Cook College campus.

Click for New Brunswick, New Jersey Forecast

New Brunswick, NJ, weather forecast


By train and Rutgers bus, driving and parking from north off Turnpike, from south off US-1. Map it with Google maps.


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My Endnote Library

Student Research Opportunities (Ph.D. and M.S.) in Ocean Modeling and Prediction:

I welcome applications to the Rutgers University Graduate Program in Oceanography to undertake research in the general fields of:

  • High-resolution regional modeling of the coastal ocean for applications related to coupled physical/ecosystem/bio-optical processes, including analysis and evaluation using satellite and in situ observations.
  • Coastal ocean carbon cycling
  • Software engineering for implementing real-time ocean forecast systems
  • Variational methods for assimilating coastal observing system data in models, and observing system design.

Courses I teach: 

Other activities:

  • Past Co-Editor, Ocean Dynamics
  • Member, American Geophysical Union
  • Member, Ocean Observations Physics and Climate panel (OOPC) of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS)
  • Member User Working Group NASA PO.DAAC


Queequeg was a native of Kokovoko, an island far away to the West and South. It is not down in any map; true places never are.




My Endnote Library


  Queequeg Lemon and Lime Line My Endnote  


"All science is either physics or stamp collecting."
- Ernest Rutherford

"Prediction is very difficult, especially about the future."
- Niels Bohr

"Modeling is so much cheaper than science."
- Bob Howarth

"If we knew what we were doing it wouldn't be called research."
- Albert Einstein


Research Interests:
Ocean modeling and prediction, data assimilation in coastal oceanography, mesoscale satellite remote sensing, physical-biological interactions in the coastal ocean.

Research groups: Rutgers Ocean Modeling Group (OMG)
ROMS Regional Ocean Modeling System

Research in progress:   

Selected Publications:

          Google scholar profile - J. Wilkin

  • Mannino, A., S. Signorini, M. Novak, J. Wilkin, M. Friedrichs, and R. Najjar, (2016), Dissolved organic carbon fluxes in the Middle Atlantic Bight: An integrated approach based on satellite data and ocean model products, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 121, doi:10.1002/2015JG003031.
  • Hernandez, F., E. Blockley, G. Brassington, F. Davidson, P. Divakaran, M. Drevillon, S. Ishizaki, M. Garcia-Sotillo, P. Hogan, P. Lagemaa, B. Levier, M. Martin, A. Mehra, C. Mooers, N. Ferry, A. Ryan, C. Regnier, A. Sellar, G. Smith, S. Sofianos, T. Spindler, G. Volpe, J. Wilkin, E. Zaron, A. Zhang, Recent progress in performance evaluations and near real-time assessment of operational ocean products, (2015), Journal of Operational Oceanography, 8:sup2, s221-s238, doi:10.1080/1755876X.2015.1050282
  • Feng, Y., M. Friedrichs, J. Wilkin, H. Tian, Q. Yang, E. Hofmann, J. Wiggert and R. Hood (2015), Chesapeake Bay nitrogen fluxes derived from a land-estuarine-ocean biogeochemical modeling system: Model description, evaluation, and nitrogen budgets, Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JG002931
  • Le Traon, P. Y., H. Bonekamp, D. Antoine, A. Bentamy, L.A. Breivik, B. Chapron, G. Corlett, G. Dibarboure, P. DiGiacomo, C. Donlon, Y. Faugere, F. Gohin, M. Kachi, J. Font, F. Girard-Ardhuin, J. A. Johannessen, J. Lambin, G. Lagerloef, G. Larnicol, P. Le Borgne, E. Lindstrom, E. Leuliette, E. Maturi, M. Martin, L. Miller, L. Mingsen, R. Morrow, N. Reul, M.H. Rio, H. Roquet, R. Santoleri and J. Wilkin, (2015), Use of satellite observations for operational oceanography: Recent achievements and future prospects, Journal of Operational Oceanography, 8:sup1, s12-s27, doi: 10.1080/1755876X.2015.1022050
  • Kourafalou, V., P. De Mey, M. Le Henaff, G. Charria, C. Edwards, R. He, M. Herzfeld, A. Pascual, E. Stanev, J. Tintore, N. Usui, A. van der Westhuysen, J. Wilkin, X. Zhu, (2015), Coastal Ocean Forecasting: system integration and evaluation, Journal of Operational Oceanography, 8:sup1, s127-s146, doi:10.1080/1755876X.2015.1022336.
  • Zavala-Garay, J., J. Wilkin, and J. Levin (2014), Data assimilation in coastal oceanography: IS4DVAR in the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS), in Advanced Data Assimilation for Geosciences Lecture Notes of the Les Houches School of Physics 2012, pp. 555-576, E. Blayo, M. Bocquet, E. Cosme and L. Cugliandolo (Eds.), Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford
  • Munroe, D., A. Tabatabai, I. Burt, D. Bushek, E.N. Powell and J. Wilkin (2013), Oyster mortality in Delaware Bay: Impacts and recovery from Hurricane Irene and Tropical Storm Lee, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 135, 209-219, doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2013.10.011
  • Gerbi, G. P., R. C. Chant and J. L. Wilkin (2013), Breaking surface wave effects on river plume dynamics during upwelling-favorable winds, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, 1959-1980.
  • Wilkin, J., and E. Hunter (2013), An assessment of the skill of real-time models of Middle Atlantic Bight continental shelf circulation, Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 118, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20223.
  • Macdonald, H. S., M. Roughan, M. E. Baird and J. Wilkin (2013), A numerical modeling study of the East Australian Current encircling and overwashing a warm core eddy, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1-15, doi:10.1029/2012JC008386.
  • Dalyander, P. S., B. Butman, C. Sherwood, R. Signell, J. Wilkin (2013) Characterizing Wave- and Current-Induced Bottom Shear Stress: U.S. Middle Atlantic Continental Shelf, Continental Shelf Research, 52, 73-86, doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2011.1003.1031.
  • Zavala-Garay, J., J. Wilkin and H. Arango (2012), Predictability of mesoscale variability in the East Australia Current given strong-constraint data assimilation, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42, 1402-1420, doi:1410.1175/JPO-D-1411-0168.1401.
  • Narvaez, D., J. M. Klinck, E. N. Powell, E. Hofmann, J. Wilkin and D. Haidvogel (2012), Circulation and behavior controls on dispersal of Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) larvae in Delaware Bay, Journal of Marine Research, 70,411-440.
  • Narvaez, D., J. M. Klinck, E. N. Powell, E. Hofmann, J. Wilkin and D. Haidvogel (2012) Modeling the Dispersal of Eastern Oyster Larvae at Delaware Bay, Journal of Marine Research, 70, 381-409.
  • Wang, Z., D. Haidvogel, D. Bushek, S. Ford, E. Hofmann, E. Powell, and J. Wilkin (2012), Circulation and Water properties and Their Relationship to the Oyster Disease MSX in Delaware Bay, Journal of Marine Research, 70, 279-308.
  • Hu, J., K. Fennel, J. P. Mattern, and J. Wilkin (2012), Data assimilation with a local Ensemble Kalman Filter applied to a three-dimensional biological model of the Middle Atlantic Bight, Journal of Marine Systems, 94, 145-156, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2011.11.016.
  • Wilkin, J., and A. G. Jeffs (2011), Energetics of swimming to shore in the puerulus stage of a spiny lobster: Can a postlarval lobster afford the cost of crossing the continental shelf? Limnology and Oceanography Environment and Fluids, 1, 163-175, doi:10.1215/21573698-1504363
  • Zhang, W. G., G. Gawarkiewicz, D. McGillicuddy and J. Wilkin (2011), Climatological mean circulation at the New England shelf break, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41, 1874-1893, doi:10.1175/2011JPO4604.1 (pdf)
  • Renault, L., G. Vizoso, A. Jansa, J. Wilkin and J. Tintore (2011), Toward the predictability of meteo-tsunamis in the Balearic Sea using coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Modeling, Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L10601, doi: 10.1029/2011GL047361 (pdf)
  • Wilkin, J., W. G. Zhang, B. Cahill and R. C. Chant (2011), Integrating coastal models and observations for studies of ocean dynamics, observing systems and forecasting, In Operational Oceanography in the 21st Century, A. Schiller and G. Brassington (Eds.), Springer, doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-0332-2_19. (pdf)
  • Hofmann, E. E., B. Cahill, K. Fennel, M. Friedrichs, K. Hyde, C. Lee, A. Mannino, R. Najjar, J. O'Reilly, J. Wilkin and J. Xue (2010), Modeling the Dynamics of Continental Shelf Carbon, Annual Review of Marine Science, 3, 93-122, doi: 10.1146/annurev-marine-120709-142740. (pdf)
  • Zhang, W., J. Wilkin and J. Levin (2010), Towards an integrated observation and modeling system in the New York Bight using variational methods, Part II: Representer-based observing system design, Ocean Modelling, 35, 134-145, 10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.06.006. (pdf)
  • Zhang,W., J. Wilkin and H. Arango (2010), Towards an integrated observation and modeling system in the New York Bight using variational methods, Part I: 4DVAR Data Assimilation, Ocean Modelling, 35, 119-133, doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.08.003. (pdf)
  • Hunter, E. J., R. J. Chant, J. L. Wilkin, and J. Kohut (2010), High Frequency Forcing and Sub-tidal Response of the Hudson River Plume, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C07012, doi: 10.1029/2009JC005620. (pdf)
  • Zhang, W., J. Wilkin and O. Schofield (2010), Simulation of water age and residence time in the New York Bight, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40,965-982, doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4249.1. (pdf)
  • Druon, J. N., A. Mannino, S. Signorini, C. McClain, M. Friedrichs, J. Wilkin and K. Fennel, Modeling the dynamics and export of dissolved organic matter in the Northeastern U.S. continental shelf, Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science, 2010, 88, 488-507. (pdf)
  • Previdi, M., K. Fennel, J. Wilkin and D. Haidvogel (2009), Interannual Variability in Atmospheric CO2 Uptake on the Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf, Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 114, G04003, doi: 10.1029/2008JG000881. (pdf)
  • Hofmann, E., D. Bushek, S. Ford, X. Guo, D. Haidvogel, D. Hedgecock, J. Klinck, C. Milbury, D. Narvaez, E. Powell, Y. Wang, J. Z. Wang, Wilkin and L. Zhang (2009), Understanding how disease and environment combine to structure resistance in estuarine bivalve populations, Oceanography, 22(4), 212-231 (pdf)
  • Fennel, K., and J. Wilkin (2009), Quantifying biological carbon export for the northwest North Atlantic continental shelves, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L18605, doi:10.1029/2009GL039818 (pdf)
  • Zhang, W., J. Wilkin, J. Levin and H. Arango (2009), An Adjoint Sensitivity Study of Buoyancy- and Wind-driven Circulation on the New Jersey Inner Shelf. J. Phys. Oceanogr., doi: 10.1175/2009JPO4050.1, 39, 1652-1668. (pdf)
  • Zhang, W., J. Wilkin and R. Chant (2009), Modeling the pathways and mean dynamics of river plume dispersal in New York Bight. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 10.1175/2008JPO4082.1., 39, 1167-1183. (pdf)
  • Chassignet, E., H. Hurlburt, E. Metzger, O. M. Smedstad, J. Cummings, G. R. Halliwell, R. Bleck, R. Baraille, A. Wallcraft, C. Lozano, H. Tolman, A. Srinivasan, S. Hankin, P. Cornillon, R. Weisberg, A. Barth, R. He, F. Werner and J. Wilkin (2009), U.S. GODAE: Global Ocean Prediction with the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM), Oceanography, 21, 64-75. ( pdf)
  • Chant, R., J. Wilkin, W. Zhang, B.-J. Choi, E. Hunter, R. Castelao, S. Glenn, J. Jurisa, O. Schofield, R. Houghton, J. Kohut, T. Frazer, and M. Moline (2008), Dispersal of the Hudson River Plume in the New York Bight: Synthesis of Observational and Numerical Studies During LaTTE, Oceanography, 21(4), 148-161. (pdf)
  • Fennel, K., J. Wilkin, M. Previdi, and R. Najjar  (2008), Denitrification effects on air-sea CO2 flux in the coastal ocean: Simulations for the northwest North Atlantic, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L24608, doi:10.1029/2008GL036147. (pdf)
  • Cahill, B., O. Schofield, R. Chant, J. Wilkin, E. Hunter, S. Glenn, and P. Bissett (2008), Dynamics of turbid buoyant plumes and the feedbacks on near-shore biogeochemistry and physics, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L10605, doi: 10.1029/2008GL033595. (pdf).
  • Hofmann, E. E., J.-N. Druon, K. Fennel, M. Friedrichs, D. Haidvogel, C. Lee, A. Mannino, C. McClain, R. Najjar, J. Siewert, J. O'Reilly, D. Pollard, M. Previdi, S. Seitzinger, S. Signorini, J. Wilkin, (2008), Eastern U.S. Continental Shelf Carbon Budget: Integrating Models, Data Assimilation, and Analysis, Oceanography, 21, 86-104. (pdf).
  • Haidvogel, D. B., H. Arango, W. P. Budgell, B. D. Cornuelle, E. Curchitser, E. Di Lorenzo, K. Fennel, W. R. Geyer, A. J. Hermann, L. Lanerolle, J. Levin, J. C. McWilliams, A. J. Miller, A. M. Moore,T. M. Powell, A. F. Shchepetkin, C. R. Sherwood, R. P. Signell, J. C. Warner and J. Wilkin, (2008), Ocean forecasting in terrain-following coordinates: Formulation and skill assessment of the Regional Ocean Modeling System, Journal of Computational Physics, 227, 3595-3624. (pdf)
  • Choi, B.-J. and J. L. Wilkin, (2007): The effect of wind on the dispersal of the Hudson River plume. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 37, 1878-1897. (pdf)
  • Wilkin, J., and W. Zhang, (2006), Modes of mesoscale sea surface height and temperature variability in the East Australian Current, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, C01013, doi:10.1029/2006JC003590. (pdf)
  • Wilkin, J.. (2006):, The summer time heat budget and circulation of southeast New England shelf waters, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 36(11), 1997-2011. (pdf)
  • Edson, J., T. Crawford, J. Crescenti, T. Farrar, N. Frew, G. Gerbi, C. Helmis, T. Hristov, D. Khelif, A. Jessup, H. Jonsson, M. Li, L. Mahrt, W. McGillis, A. Plueddemann, L. Shen, E. Skyllingstad, T. Stanton, P. Sullivan, J. Sun, J. Trowbridge, D. Vickers, S. Wang, Q. Wang, R. Weller, J. Wilkin, A. Williams III, D. Yu, and C. Zappa (2007), The Coupled Boundary Layers and Air-Sea Transfer Experiment in Low Winds, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 88(3), 341-356. (pdf)
  • He, R. and J. L. Wilkin, (2006), Barotropic tides on the southeast New England shelf: A view from a hybrid data assimilative modeling approach. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, C08002, doi:10.1029/2005JC003254. (pdf)
  • Fennel, K., J. Wilkin, J. Levin, J. Moisan, J. O'Reilly, and D. Haidvogel, 2006: Nitrogen cycling in the Middle Atlantic Bight: Results from a three-dimensional model and implications for the North Atlantic nitrogen budget. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20, GB3007, doi:10.1029/2005GB002456. (pdf)
  • Wilkin, J., and L. Lanerolle (2005), Ocean Forecast and Analysis Models for Coastal Observatories, In An Integrated View of Oceanography: Ocean Weather Forecasting in the 21st Century, Springer, (preprint pdf).
  • Wilkin, J.L., H. G. Arango, D. B. Haidvogel, C. S. Lichtenwalner , S. M. Glenn, and K. S. Hedstrom (2005), A Regional Ocean Modeling System for the Long-term Ecosystem Observatory, Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, C06S91, doi:10.1029/2003JC002218 (pdf)
  • Bowen, M. M., J. L. Wilkin, and W. J. Emery (2005), Variability and forcing of the East Australian Current, J. Geophys. Res., 110, C03019, doi:10.1029/2004JC002533 (pdf)
  • Chiswell, S., J. Wilkin, J. D. Booth and B. Stanton (2003), Trans-Tasman Sea larval transport: Is Australia a source for New Zealand lobsters? Marine Ecology Progress Series, 247, 173-182
  • Bowen, M., W. J. Emery, J. Wilkin, P. Tildesley, I. Barton and R. Knewtson (2002), Extracting multi-year surface currents from sequential thermal imagery using the Maximum Cross Correlation technique, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 19, 1665-1676. (pdf)
  • Ridgway, K., J. R. Dunn and J. L. Wilkin (2002), Ocean interpolation by 4-dimensional weighted least squares: Application to the waters around Australasia, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 19, 1357-1375. (pdf)
  • Wilkin, J. L., M. M. Bowen and W. J. Emery (2002), Mapping mesoscale currents by optimal interpolation of satellite radiometer and altimeter data, Ocean Dynamics, 52, 95-103. (full text pdf Springer-Verlag)
  • Griffin, D., J. Wilkin, C. Chubb, A. Pearce and N. Caputi (2001), Ocean currents and the larval phase of Australian western rock lobster, Panulirus cygnus, Marine and Freshwater Research, 52, 1187-1200.(pdf)
  • Carter, L. and J.L. Wilkin (1999), Abyssal circulation around New Zealand: A comparison between observations and a global circulation model, Marine Geology, 159, 221-239. (pdf)
  • Moore, M.I. and J.L. Wilkin (1998), Variability in the South Pacific Deep Western Boundary Current from Current-meter Observations and a High Resolution Global Model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 5439-5457. (pdf)
  • Walker, A.E. and J.L. Wilkin (1998), Optimal averaging of NOAA/NASA Pathfinder satellite sea surface temperature data, Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 12,869-12,883. (pdf)
  • Wilkin, J.L. and J.V. Mansbridge and J.S. Godfrey (1995), Pacific Ocean Heat Transport at 240N in a High-resolution Global Model, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 25, 2204-2214. (pdf)
  • Wilkin, J.L. and R. Morrow (1994), Eddy kinetic energy and momentum flux in the Southern Ocean: Comparison of a global eddy-resolving model with altimeter, drifter, and current-meter data, Journal Geophysical Research, 99, 7903-7916. (pdf).
  • Haidvogel, D. B., J. L. Wilkin and R. Young (1991), A semi-spectral primitive equation ocean circulation model using vertical sigma and orthogonal curvilinear horizontal coordinates, Journal of Computational Physics, 94, 151-184.
  • Wilkin, J.L. and D.C. Chapman (1990), Scattering of coastal-trapped waves by irregularities in coastline and topography, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 20, 396-421. (pdf)