I am a biological oceanographer interested how the physics and chemistry regulates ocean ecosystems, with a primary research focus on the physiology and ecology of phytoplankton. My research is conducted in a range of oceans from the rapidly warming/melting along the West Antarctic Peninsula to sustained studies along the northeast United States. Additionally I am part of the Center of Ocean Observing Leadership (COOL), which is focused on developing new technologies and ocean sensor networks to better document and model the marine system. The COOL group has, and continues, to innovate a range of technologies spanning from remote sensing, radars, and autonomous underwater robotics. Our research efforts are coupled to an extensive public outreach effort focused on communicating the excitement and adventure of conducting science in the field. These outreach efforts have been anchored by extensive web services, teacher training and full length feature movies.
I grew up swimming, fishing, diving and surfing in Southern California. I decided to pursue a degree in biology and marine science and attended the University of California at Santa Barbara for my undergraduate and PhD where I conducted research on photosynthesis and environmental impacts of the Antarctic ozone hole. I then joined the Agricultural Research Service in New Orleans conducting research in aquaculture and microbial production of off-flavor metabolites before I joined Rutgers in 1995.
Ocean Observatories (a research course focused on student conducting research with live data from the sea, taught both Fall and Spring terms)
Oceanographic Methods and Data Analysis (course focused on the collection and analysis of physical, optical, and biological data in aquatic systems, taught spring term)
Oceanography House (course open to first term freshmen to introduce them to thriving in a research University by exposing them to ocean adventure)
Biological Oceanography: Planktontic Ecosystems (course focused physiology, ecology, and biogeochemistry of planktonic ecosystems and their role in shaping the ecology of the ocean and Earth, this course will be offered in Fall terms)
(** paper by a graduate student and/or the postdoctoral researchers)
Schofield, O., Prézelin, B. B., Kroon, B. M. A. 1995. Impact of ultraviolet-B radiation on photosystem II activity and its relationship to the inhibition of carbon fixation rates for Antarctic ice algae communities. Journal of Phycology 31: 703-715.
Schofield, O., Gryzmski, J., Bissett, P., Kirkpatrick, G., Millie, D. F., Moline, M. A. Roesler, C. 1999. Optical monitoring and forecasting systems for harmful algal blooms: Possibility or pipedream? Journal of Phycology. 35: 1477-1496.
Schofield, O., Kohut, J., Aragon, D., Creed, L., Graver, J., Haldeman, C., Kerfoot, J., Roarty, H., Jones, C., Webb, D., Glenn, S. M. 2007. Slocum Gliders: Robust and ready. Journal of Field Robotics. 24(6): 473-485. DOI: 10:1009/rob.20200
Schofield, O., Chant, R., Cahill, B., Castelao, R., Gong, D., Kahl, A., Kohut, J., Montes-Hugo, M., Ramadurai, R., Ramey, P., Xu, Y., Glenn, S. M. 2008. Seasonal forcing of primary productivity on broad continental shelves. Oceanography 21(4): 104-117.
Schofield, O., Ducklow, H. W., Martinson, D. G., Meredith, M. P., Moline, M. A., Fraser, W. R. 2010. How do polar marine ecosystems respond to rapid climate change? Science 328, 1520 DOI: 10.1126/science.1185779
Schofield, O., Glenn, S., Orcutt, J., Arrott, M., Brown, W., Signell, R., Moline, M. A., Chao, Y., Chien, S., Thompson, D., Balasuriya, A., Oliver, M. 2010. Automated sensor networks to advance ocean science. Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 91(39): 345–346, doi:10.1029/2010EO390001.
Oliver, M. A., Irwin, A., Moline, M. A., Fraser, W., Patterson, D., Schofield, O., Kohut, J. 2013. Adelie penguin foraging location correlated with local tides. PloS ONE e55163.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055163
Schofield, O., Glenn, S. M., Moline, M. A. 2013. The robot ocean network. American Scientist 101: 434-441.
**Saba, G. K., Fraser, W. R., Saba, V. S., Iannuzzi, R. A., Coleman, K. E., Doney, S. C., Ducklow, H. W., Martinson, D. G., Miles, T. N., Patterson-Fraser, D. L., Stammerjohn, S. E., Steinberg, D. K., Schofield, O. 2014. Winter and spring controls on the summer food web of the coastal West Antarctic Peninsula. Nature Communications 5: 4318 doi: 10.1038/ncomms5318
**Miles, T., Seroka, G., Kohut J., Schofield O., Glenn S. 2015. Glider observations and modeling of sediment transport in Hurricane Sandy. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans doi:10.1002/2014JC010474.