Connections between rapid Arctic warming and weather patterns in mid-latitudes, particularly extreme weather events that are caused by persistent conditions (e.g., drought, prolonged heat waves and cold spells, flooding caused by persistent storminess, etc.)
Causes and impacts of Arctic sea-ice loss
Linkages between Arctic sea-ice loss and accelerated melt of the Greenland ice sheet.
Interactions between natural climate fluctuations and human-caused changes.
I grew up in a small New England sailing town, and my love for sailing sparked my interest in weather. During a 5-year world circumnavigation with my husband in the early 1980s that included a summer in the Arctic, I discovered that little was known about Arctic weather, so I decided to focus my studies on this topic. I earned a B.S. in meteorology at San Jose State University in 1988, while also conducting research at NASA Ames Research Center. I received my PhD in Atmospheric Science from the University of Washington in 1994, working with Dr. Drew Rothrock at the Polar Science Center on satellite remote sensing of the Arctic atmosphere.
Francis, J.A. and N. Skific, 2015: Evidence linking rapid Arctic warming to mid-latitude weather patterns. Philosophical transactions A of the Royal Society, 373, doi:10.1098/rsta.2014.0170.
Francis, J.A. and S.J. Vavrus, 2015: Evidence for a wavier jet stream in response to rapid Arctic warming. Featured Article in Environ. Res. Lett., 10, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/1/014005.
Overland, J.E., J.A. Francis, R. Hall, E. Hanna, S.-J. Kim, and T. Vihma, 2015: The melting Arctic and mid-latitude weather patterns: Are they connected? J. of Climate, 28, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00822.1.
Tang, Q., X. Zhang, and J.A. Francis, 2013: Extreme summer weather in northern mid-latitudes linked to a vanishing cryosphere. Nature Climate Change, 4, doi:10.1038/nclimate2065.
Tang, Q., Zhang, X., Yang, X., and J.A. Francis, 2013: Cold winter extremes in northern continents linked to Arctic sea ice loss. Env. Res. Lett., 8, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014036.
Wu, B., K. Yang, and J.A. Francis: Summer Arctic dipole wind pattern affects the following winter Siberian High. Int. J. of Clim., doi:10.1002/joc.4623.
Liu, J., M. Song, J.A. Francis, Z. Chen, T. Mote, and Y. Hu: Has Arctic sea-ice loss contributed to increased surface melting of the Greenland ice sheet?. J. of Climate, accepted.
Francis, J. A., and S. J. Vavrus, 2012: Evidence linking Arctic amplification to extreme weather in mid-latitudes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, LO6801, doi:10.1029/2012GL051000.