Oceanography Seminar Course Spring 2013
Rapid Climate Change and Future Climate Change
Instructors: Liz Sikes (room 114C ext 2-3257) Lee Kerkof (room 303D ext 2-3419)
Course Outline: click here
Class meets Wednesdays from10:55-12:15 in the Ocean Modeling room
Week 1 January 23 Liz Sikes and Lee Kerkof
Introduction to class, discussion of topics intent etc.
Week 2 January 30 Lee Kerkof - Student presenter: Nicole Waite
Reading: Anthony D. Barnosky, Elizabeth A. Hadly, Jordi Bascompte, Eric L. Berlow, James H. Brown, Mikael Fortelius, Wayne M. Getz, JohnHarte, Alan Hastings, Pablo A. Marquet, Neo D. Martinez, Arne Mooers, Peter Roopnarine, Geerat Vermeij, John W. Williams, Rosemary Gillespie, Justin Kitzes, Charles Marshall, Nicholas Matzke, David P. Mindell, Eloy Revilla & Adam B. Smith, Approaching a state shift in Earth’s biosphere, NATURE, vol 486, 52-58, 2012
Week 3 February 6 special assignment: Attend the seminar by Daphne Munroe
Reading: D.M. MUNROE, E.N. POWELL, R. MANN, J.M. KLINCK AND E.E. HOFMANN, Underestimation of primary productivity on continental shelves: evidence from maximum size of extant surfclam populations; Fisheries Oceanography in press.
Week 4 February 13 Karl Nordstrom ext 2-3284- Student presenter: Alex Lopez
Reading: Orford, J.D., Pethick, J., 2006. Challenging assumptions of future coastal habitat development around the UK. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 31, 1625-1642.
Week 5 February20 Resource faculty member: Kay Bidle - Student presenter: Brittany Schieler
Reading 1: Iglesias-Rodriguez, M. D., et al. (2008), Phytoplankton Calcification in a High-CO2 World, Science 320, 336-340.
Reading2: Riebesell, U., I. Zondervan, R. Rost, P. D. Tortell, R. E. Zeebe, and F. M. M. Morel (2000), Reduced calicfication of marine plankton in response to increased atmospheric CO2, Nature, 407, 364-367.
Optional related reading L. Beaufort, I. Probert, T. de Garidel-Thoron, E. M. Bendif, D. Ruiz-Pino, N. Metzl, C. Goyet, N. Buchet, P. Coupel,M. Grelaud, B. Rost, R. E. M. Rickaby, & C. de Vargas, (2011), Sensitivity of coccolithophores to carbonate chemistry and ocean acidification, Nature , 476, 80-83
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Week 6 February 27 Resource faculty member: Bob Chant - Student presenter: Jack McSweeney
Reading1: M. E. Scully, (2010) Wind Modulation of Dissolved Oxygen in Chesapeake Bay, Estuaries and Coasts, 33:1164–1175.
Reading2: M. E. Scully, (2010) The Importance of Climate Variability to Wind-Driven Modulation of Hypoxia in Chesapeake Bay, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40, 1435-1440
Week 7 March 6 Resource faculty member: Olaf Jensen (Room 303A ext 2-3473) - Student presenter: Kaycee Coleman
Reading: John J. Magnuson, Dale M. Robertson, Barbara J. Benson, Randolph H. Wynne, David M. Livingstone, Tadashi Arai,Raymond A. Assel,6 Roger G. Barry, Virginia Card, Esko Kuusisto, Nick G. Granin, Terry D. Prowse, Kenton M. Stewart, Valery S. Vuglinski, Historical Trends in Lake and River Ice Cover in the Northern Hemisphere, SCIENCE VOL 28, 1743-1746, 2000
Week 8 March 13 Liz Sikes - Student presenter: Katie Harazin
Readings: J. P. Steffensen, et al., 2008 High-Resolution Greenland Ice CoreData Show Abrupt Climate Change Happens in Few Years, Science, 321, 680-683.
E. J. Brook, Leads and lags at the end of the last ice age, Science, 339, 1042-1043, 2013
*No Class March 20 - Spring Break
Week 9 March 27 No class
Week 10 April 3 Becca Barnes (room 205, ext 2-342. Student presenter Nicole Couto
Reading: Rose M. Cory, B. C. Crump, J. A. Dobkowski, and G. W. Kling, (2013), Surface exposure to sunlight stimulates CO2 release from permafrost soil carbon in the Arctic, PNAS, 110, 3429–3434
Week 11 April 10 Lee Kerkof - Student presenter: Christien Laber
Reading: A Daniel J. Barshis1,2, Jason T. Ladner, Thomas A. Oliver, François O. Seneca, Nikki Traylor-Knowles, and Stephen R. Palumb, Genomic basis for coral resilience to climate change, PNAS /doi/10.1073/pnas.1210224110, 6 pages (2012)
Week 12 April 17 Resource faculty member: John Wilkin Student presenters: Alex Lopez and Jack McSweeney
Readings: N. Bindoff and J. Church, (1992). Warming of the water column in the southwest Pacific Ocean, Nature, 357, 59-62
Readings: A.P. Wong, N. Bindoff and J. Church, (1999), Large-scale freshening of intermediate waters in the Pacific and Indian oceans, Nature, 400, 440-443.
Week 13 April 24 Resource faculty member: Heid Fuchs and Lee Kerkof - Student presenters: Brittany Schieler and Kaycee Coleman
Reading: Alan Barton, Burke Hales, George G. Waldbusser, Chris Langdon, and Richard A. Feely, The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, shows negative correlation to naturally elevated carbon dioxide levels: Implications for near-term ocean acidification effects, Limnol. Oceanogr., 57(3), 698–710, 2012.
Week 14 May 1 Resource faculty member: Jim Miller - Student presenter: Nicole Couto and Nicole Waite
Readings: Qiuhong Tang, Xuejun Zhang, Xiaohua Yang and Jennifer A Francis, Cold winter extremes in northern continents linked to Arctic sea ice loss, Environ. Res. Lett. 8 (2013) 014036 (6pp)